The alarmingly high rates of early retirements of teachers due to health reasons since the 1990s has attracted the attention of European research and politics to the potentially negative, unhealthy consequences of teachers' work. Psychosocial and work-related stress, psychovegetative disorders, burnout syndrome, workplace bullying, absenteeism and early retirements seem to be widespread and dramatically increasing phenomena across Europe. They evoke not only individual suffering and breakdown but also enormous costs for public funds and health services due to sickness rates, therapies and early retirements. Furthermore the emotional exhaustion of teachers of course affects the quality of teaching and has negative consequences for pupils and students. Against this background it is of high relevance to train prospective and already working teachers with the aim to improve their professional handling of resources and to optimise their competences of coping with job-related stress.